In the NFL, usually the head coach is allowed to call timeouts but they can be called by any player as well. The offensive team can call timeouts if they are behind or close enough to have a reasonable chance of catching up. Players on the defense can also call timeouts if they need help on offense.
Rule of Thumb
In the NFL, there are a few different situations in which a timeout can be called. One is when an offensive player is injured and needs to be replaced. Another is when there is a change of possession, either on downs or after a turnover. Finally, a timeout can be called if there is an issue with the game clock.
One rule of thumb that can be used to determine whether or not a timeout should be called is if the stoppage in play will benefit the team more than it will hurt them. For example, if an offensive player is injured and needs to come out of the game, it may be beneficial to call a timeout so that the team can regroup and make sure that they are still in good position to score. However, if the team is already behind and calling a timeout will just give the other team more time to rest and prepare, it may not be worth it.
How Does a Coach Call Timeout?
In order for a coach to call a timeout, they must first signal to the officials that they would like to do so. This is usually done by raising one arm in the air and waving it back and forth. Once the officials see this, they will stop play and the coach can then address his team.
There are two types of timeouts that a coach can call: a full timeout and a partial timeout. A full timeout lasts for 60 seconds and allows the coach to talk to all of his players on the field. A partial timeout lasts for 30 seconds and only allows the coach to talk to three players on the field at a time.
Once the timeout is over, the officials will signal for play to resume and the game will continue as normal.