The National Football League (NFL) has seen a significant increase in female representation in coaching roles. The Tampa Bay Buccaneers are notable for having the most female coaches, with Lori Locust as an assistant defensive lineman and Maral Javadifar as a strength and conditioning coach.
In 2015, the Arizona Cardinals made history by hiring Jen Welter as a coaching intern during training camp to assist with the linebackers, making her the first woman to coach an NFL team. Welter later became one of the head coaches for the Cardinals.
Another trailblazer in the field is Katie Sowers, who began her American football career playing in the Women's Football Alliance before joining the NFL in 2016 as a coach for the Atlanta Falcons. She then moved to the San Francisco 49ers, where she made history as the first openly gay and first female coach in Super Bowl history. In 2021, she joined the Kansas City Chiefs.
The Washington Football Team made headlines when Jennifer King was appointed, making history alongside Buccaneers' Lori Locust. Other teams with female coaches include the Cleveland Browns, led by Callie Brownson, and the Buffalo Bills, with Sophia Lewin as an offensive assistant coach.
As of the 2021 season, there were six full-time female coaches in the NFL. This number is expected to rise, especially with the NFL's new diversity and inclusion rules requiring each team to employ a "female or a member of an ethnic or racial minority" as an offensive assistant.